Dr Andrew Kaufman has taken a lead role in disputing the scientific evidence provided to support the existence of a novel mutation of coronavirus. The first reported cases came out of the Wuhan, China seafood market, which can be seen in pictures to have had unsanitary conditions with a lot of cross contamination of seafood and meat occurring. 198 people who visited this market began to experience respiratory symptoms (pneumonia), but without investigating the sanitary issues which could have easily caused poisoning, scientists concluded that it was a virus to blame: “The disease was determined as viral induced pneumonia by clinicians according to clinical symptoms and other criteria including body temperature rising, lymphocytes and white blood cells decreasing, new pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiography, and no obvious improvement after 3 days of antibiotic treatment. It appears that most of the early cases had contact history with the original seafood market…” So after eliminating a bacterial infection the team of scientists moved onto a viral infection. According to Dr Kaufman the procedure used to prove a virus carried out the following steps: 1) They collected from just 7 of these sick patients the bronchoalveolar (lung) fluid and other samples. This was done by inserting a long tube with a camera attached down the wind pipe into the lungs and then squirting some fluid in there and mixing it around until it picked up any present debris, chemicals and cells, which were then sucked back up. Blood along with oral and nasal swabs were also taken. 2) Instead of purifying and cultivating any virus they found and separated a certain type of genetic material from the lung fluid, which turned out to be RNA. (However, at any given time the body has many sources of genetic material freely circulating around its fluids. In addition to genetic materials being contained within certain type of structures, i.e. in the vesicles (fluid filled sacks). Bacteria is also a genetic material present in the lungs. 3) They then sequenced the genetic material, basically determining its code, its base pairs and order. 4) Finally they “rapidly developed a qualitative PCR detection” diagnostic test. Meaning that before even proving the existence a virus by purifying it they had developed a test (looking for the found genetic material for which the source is unknown).
This same procedure was first harnessed last year to test for a genetic biomarker that could potentially be used to detect lung cancer. It’s important to understand that the RT-PCR test checks for the presence of an RNA sequence (present within everybody to some degree), not a virus. When using such type of surrogate testing methods to locate something associated to the actual thing being searched for, it’s vital all assumptions are correct; for example, this RNA sequence could be associated to a virus but it must be factored in if it’s associated to other genetic materials as well. A conclusive evaluation of any new test makes it necessary to compare its results with a gold standard; but because the COVID-19 virus has never been purified and visualised there has never been any comparison of these RT-PCR tests with a gold standard test. Such a comparison is critical as it provides an accurate error rate to determine the amount of false positives it generates (“no test is perfect”). Utilising a negative control group is also vitally important in calculating error rates.
The COVID-19 RT-PCR test has a reported estimate of an 80% false positive rate when used on symptomless people; meaning that “4 out of 5 times there was a positive result there would actually be no illness.” A staggeringly high number with many serious consequences for those testing positive, potentially such as quarantining, detainment, and even forced medications. Beyond this, there are additional errors, as the false positive rate increases to 100% if magnification levels are increased from 25 up to 60. The maximum number of cycles considered to still provide accurate test results is 45, and that is the recommended magnification cycle level for diagnosing COVID-19, right on the cusp of its limits. “What PCR does is to select a genetic sequence and then amplify it enormously. It can accomplish the equivalent of finding a needle in a haystack; it can amplify that needle into a haystack. Like an electronically amplified antenna, PCR greatly amplifies the signal, but it also greatly amplifies the noise. Since the amplification is exponential, the slightest error in measurement, the slightest contamination, can result in errors of many orders of magnitude.”
Dr Andrew Kaufman in a presentation clearly demonstrates that the visual microscopy evidence offered for the COVID-19 virus is indistinguishable from a cellular structure containing exosomes. Exosomes occur naturally within the body’s cells. Inside of these cells are vesicles and a number of different small organs called organelles, generally contained by a membrane, of various shapes but a lot of times a spherical blob, matching the outer membrane of a cell (the lipid bilayer). Organelles can contain various types of chemicals. A specific type of vesicle merges with the surface of a cell membrane under certain conditions and releases exosomes out into the extra-cellular fluid; getting into the circulation and distributed around the body. While inside of a cell endosomes are called MVE’s (multivesicular endosomes), which are released regularly throughout the day during the body’s natural processes, but can also be induced by many other factors which accelerate the process and increase the number of exosomes being released outside the cell. In the diagram Dr Kaufman points out that these endosomes and exosomes have little squares attached to them, which act like a lock, travelling around the body’s circulation in search of a fitting key, called the target cell. Depending on the cell type these locks are released from, they will possess different keys and different locks so they target different parts of the body. “These are mostly thought to involve communication, so communication between one cell and another cell, between one part of the body and another part of the body. And they have many functions in this communication.” Contrasting an electron microscopy picture of an exosome and COVID-19 shows them to be identical, including with the same vesicle dots budding out of their periphery; any differences in sharpness in picture quality being down to the quality of the thin tissue slice using a microtome. Picture comparisons of multivesicular endosomes (an exosome before it leaves the cell) and the COVID-19 viral particle inside a cell again show them to be identical in appearance; displaying a circular shape with small blobular aggregates inside of it. In a continued comparison Dr Kaufman notes some small variations in the pictures but lists the sizes and physical attributes between exosomes and COVID-19 to be comparatively essentially the same: “1) Diameter inside cell: 500 nm (MVE). 2) Diameter outside cell: 100 nm. 3) Receptor: ACE-2. 4) Contains: RNA. 5) Found in: Bronchoalveolar (lung) fluid.” The COVID-19 papers cite its receptors (related to the lock and key mechanism of vesicles) to be ACE-2 (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2), which is an enzyme within the body, one of its functions being to “work with the kidney to regulate blood pressure, and there are blood pressure medications which inhibit this enzyme.” This receptor is cited as being the lock and key mechanism by which the virus invades a cell, exactly the same as exosomes. Both contain genetic material in the form of RNA, not DNA, and are found within the lung fluid. A lung with cancer will show exosomes in its fluid. James Hildreth, MD, President and Chief Executive Officer of Meharry Medical College, Former Professor at Johns Hopkins and HIV researcher, in virology literature says: “…the virus is fully an exosome in every sense of the word.”
Dr Andrew Kaufman, lists “What Induces Exosomes?” as the following: “Toxic substances; Stress (fear); Cancer; Ionizing radiation; Infection; Injury; Immune response; Asthma; Diseases (unspecified in literature, many); Electromagnetic Radiation (5G) – no research.” “As it turns out almost every type of insult to the body would actually cause this process to occur.” This includes administering antibiotics, as was added to the virocells in the diagnosing of COVID-19. Toxic substances include environmental toxins (“such as heavy metals like arsenic”), organic chemical toxins, and there’s also some evidence for bacterial toxins. Meaning that exosomes clearly have “a role in the communication or possibly removal of toxic substances that damage our cells.” “Interestingly, psychological stress, including fear, which many, many people around the world are experiencing in a very intense way right now, also causes the release of exosomes.” All of these causes listed can cause false-positive tests. Dr Kaufman is encouraging further research on whether or not EMF (“especially microwave radiation like 5G”) induces exosomes. A second paper published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), titled, A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China 2019, cites another “COVID-19 isolation method: 1) Take BAL [bronchoalveolar lavage] sample from sick patient. 2) Centrifuge and take supernatant. 3) Incubate with lung cancer cells. 4) Purify and examine under electron microscope.” Using the same method of collecting fluid, they then centrifuged it and incubated it with lung cancer cells (already known to contain exosomes) before purifying the supposed COVID-19 viral particle and examining it under a microscope. Raising the question of whether they were looking at viral particles or exosomes. Again, by comparing the pictures of COVID-19 against pictures of exosomes, it can be seen that they both appear identical. The study’s co-senior investigator Ken Cadwell, PhD, states: “Exosomes act much like a sponge, preventing the toxins for a time from attacking the cell, while toxins that are not corralled are left to burrow through cell membranes.” Describing how the toxins released from bacteria if “allowed to contact the cell membrane, they would actually bore little holes in there and the cell contents would leak out and they’d die.” So the cell releases exosomes from its centre when it realises the toxins arrive and consumes these particles. “In this experiment, what they actually did is that they found that when they mixed cells with the bacteria, if the cells put out the exosomes that ate up the toxins, then the cells survived; if the cells were mixed with the bacteria and they did not put out the exosomes, then the cells died. This was done in a Petri dish and not a person, so we can’t say for sure but what this is really telling us is that these exosomes help us clear these toxins so that they don’t damage our tissue. A very important function.” “There was a doctor in New York city who claimed that he cured several hundred patients with hydroxychloroquine, I think he combined it with zinc.” Originally a malaria drug, it’s mostly used for diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus in the USA, though how it improves these illnesses is unknown and Dr Kaufman personally hasn’t witnessed any success in its usage for said illnesses. In research studies attempting to ascertain what this drug does, it apparently releases lysosomal enzymes; “the lysozome is basically the garbage dump of the cell; so it’s another one of these vesicles or sacks and it has all these enzymes that basically just chew everything up (similar to what happens in your gut when digesting food). And any trash that is not working anymore, like proteins that have degraded, or DNA that was copied in error, or things like that, they get sent to the lysozome for destruction and recycling. So it breaks it down into the basic constituents then it is able to send it back to the factory part of the cell where it can be reused to make new molecules. But in the case of this drug, what it actually does is release these enzymes out of the compartment in the cell and into the cell cytoplasm. And this can actually be quite damaging to the cell itself, however, if the cell has been inundated with some kind of toxic substance, these enzymes could help break that down so that the cell could survive. I think that may be how it’s helping these patients.” “Now vitamin C is the other one that has been reported to have been quite successful. And a lot of people think that vitamin C really works by quote on quote ‘boosting the immune system.’” Now it does have an effect on some of the immune regulatory function but I do not feel that that’s how it helps in these conditions. In my opinion, it is the antioxidant properties of this drug, and possibly the blood thinning qualities, that is what really helps this illness. So, when you have a toxic exposure, often times that toxin will cause what’s known as oxidative stress (or free radicals). And we’re all familiar that it’s recommended to take antioxidants and eat special kind of berries and things like that, but not too many people understand what that’s really doing. What it does is kind of act like a neutralising sponge for these free radicals; it just soaks them up and quelches them. And what free radicals do is they have like a chain-reaction, it’s like they tag someone and make them a free radical and tag the next person and make it a free radical, and then all these molecules end up falling apart and making a huge mess and the cells can’t function. So the vitamin C stops that process dead in its tracks and reduces that damage and prevents further damage. And in my opinion, that’s how it works for this type of acute illness.” In conclusion, prior to the lockdowns Dr Kaufman does not believe there to have been pandemic levels of sickness and deaths in relation to COVID-19, due to the real numbers being “far less than a typical flu season,” however, he recognises there are clearly some people getting sick. What he concludes is that: “Respiratory illness is caused by an insult, toxic or otherwise, which cause production of exosomes: Poison, stress, infection (flu, pneumonia), electromagnetic radiation; Express exosomes when healthy and sick (increased) – PCR amplification can detect both. RT-PCR actually tests for host RNA from exosomes. COVID-19 is actually exosomes: The result, not the cause of the illness; Function: exosomes help remove toxins.” There are many diseases, toxic exposures or other causes which could incur the COVID-19 symptoms experienced, but Dr Kaufman does not “see any conclusive evidence whatsoever that there is any virus. And certainly you can see that exosomes and the virus are indistinguishable from each other.”
Originally posted @ https://fragarach.scot on 29.06.20. Last edited 01.01.21.